|Dachigam National Park is a landscape of beauty painted on a canvas of uncertainty. Dachigam National Park is 22 Km from Srinagar, the capital city of the Northern state Jammu & Kashmir in India. Dachigam National Park exists today because of a mixture of luck and the dedication shown by the forests guards. In a major encounter between the security forces and militants who took shelter in Dachigam National Park in 1993 a large section of tinder – dry park caught fire. It was only thanks to the effort of the forests guards that the fire was controlled.
Dachigam National Park is a long, narrow sliver of territory that slopes down towards the dal lake forming almost half of its catchments area. The name of the park stands for “ten villages” which could be in memory of the ten villages that were relocated for its formation.
Dachigam National Park has been a protected area since 1910, first under the care of the maharaja of Jammu & Kashmir and later under the observation of the concerned govt. authorities. It was initially created to ensure clean drinking
water supply for the city of Srinagar. Dachigam National Park was finally
upgraded & declared a national park in the year 1981.
Dachigam National Park is also the last habitat of the hangul or the Kashmir stag, and home to many rare species of plants and animals.
While a tremendous conservation effort has been on to save the park and its denihens, the govt. sheep breeding farm, is not helping matters. Taking a area from the farm, locals also graze their goats and cattle in the parks shrinking grass lands.
In Dachigam National Park has 500 or so hangurs of Dachigam National Park are so shy. Their natural habitat is shrinking. A few years ago in upper Dachigam National Park the government constructed a sheep breeding farm that is rapidly changing into the hangulis grasslands. If the conflict for grazing resources between hangul and sheep is not resolved quickly , the hangul would go from being a endangered species to an extinct one.