Jaipur, the vibrant capital of Rajasthan, is popularly known as the ‘Pink City’ because of the pink-colored buildings in its old city. It sits on a dry lake bed in a somewhat arid landscape, surrounded by barren hills surmounted by forts and crenellated walls. This buzzing metropolis is certainly a place of wild contrasts and a feast for the eyes. Jaipur has long outstripped the confines of its city wall and is today among the most tumultuous and polluted places in Rajasthan. Despite this, it seldom disappoints the first-time visitor. The city owes its name, its foundation and its careful planning to the great warrior – astronomer Maharaja Jai Singh II (1693-1743).
In 1728 Maharaja Jai Singh II built the remarkable observatory (Jantar – Mantar) which is still one of Jaipur’s main attractions. The walled old city is in the north-east of jaipur, the new part parts spread to the south and west. The main tourist attractions are in the old city. The principal shopping centre in the old city is johari bazaar, the jewellers’ market. Unlike most other shopping centre in narrow alleys in India and else where in Asia, this one is broad and open.
Jaipur is famous as pink city and also because it is capital of Rajasthan. Jaipur was built o pink stucco in imitation of sandstone and the city is remarkable among pre-modern Indian cities for the width and regularity of its streets.
jaipur was founded in 1743, 16 year after Jersus father Jose Tieffenthalar wrote “The city, while it is neew, is assuredly the most beautiful among the ancient cities of India, because in the latter everything is old the streets are unequal and narrow. This on the contrary has the splendor of the modern, with equal wide and long streets.”
Jaipur is considered as the best planned city & Rajasthan’s most popular tourist destinations. Jaipur forms the southwest corner of India’s ‘Golden Triangle’ joining ranks with Delhi & Agra. The seat of both Rajput splendour and modern urban squalor, jaipuris extraordinary bawaars, forts, and elegant architecture, assail the imagination while its throbbing polluted streets and ruthless touts assault the senses.
The city was born out of the vision and prudent urban planning of the 18th century Rajput leader Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II who ruled the region from 1699 to 1744.Having established political stability in his territories by the mid1720’s Jai Singh decided to move the capital from its hillside fort in Amber. With the help of renowned Bengali Architect Violyadhan Chakravati, the maharaja built the walled city of Jaipur, carefully lying out Jaipur according to the Mathematical grid Model of the ancient Hindu map of the universe. High Walls were constructed for defense and entrances to stores and homes were placed on side streets so that royal processions could pass without disrupting daily life.Wide streets and sidewalks were designed to p pedestrian traffic and a complex system of underground aqueducts brought drinking water to the fortified city.
The British presence during the 19th Century brought about a drastic cosmetic transformation to celebrate PrinceAlbert’s visit in 1856,the city painted itself pink.The city was dubbed ” The Pink city” and both the name and the colorwash struck. Though the city has lost its pink hue much of the splendour remains-from the rosy tones of the bazaars at sunset,to the sea of monkeys and worshippers lining the temple-studded gouge at Galta.