Population – The population density in this state is rather high, but its growth rate is rapidly declining with a high average age at marriage, a high level of family planning acceptance and fertility control, a moderate decline in morality and a high degree of population mobility.

However kerala’s population growth rate is far lower the national average whereas kerala’s population more than doubled bet. 1951 and 1991 – adding 156 lakh (15.6 million) people to reach a total of 291 lakh (29.1 million) residents in 1991 – the population stood at less than 320 lakh by 2001.

Keralas people are most densely settled in the coastal region, leaving the eastern hills and mountains comparatively sparsely populated.